When kids figure out a word by sounding out
b-a-t, they are using phonics. Sounding out words is also referred to as decoding.
In order to decode words, kids need to know what sounds are made by letters and letter combinations. The relationship between sounds
and their spellings is called phonics.
By the end of first grade, children should have the following skills:
It is important to understand that sounding out words on a page is just one part of learning to read. Phonics learning should be combined with phonemic awareness (manipulating spoken sounds), reading comprehension, and reading fluency skills to help kids become strong readers.
In kindergarten, kids spend a lot of time doing
word play with spoken words (phonemic awareness).
They work with rhyming and changing a letter to make a new word (cat to rat), and learn to make a simple word
when given individual sounds (you sound out
k-a-t and your child says
cat). They also learn the sounds made by each
letter of the alphabet.
In first grade, the focus shifts to decoding words on a page. Many of the same skills that were learned in kinder with spoken words are now applied to written words. Rhyming skills, for example, become very helpful when kids are learning word families such as bake, cake, and take.Kids will learn rules for identifying short or long vowel sounds (kit vs. kite), and letter blends (sh, th, ea, oi and so on). They should be able to sound out one syllable words with either long or short vowels by the end of the year.
Without phonics skills, kids will not be able to figure out new words on their own.
Children use many different clues to read the words in a book. They look at pictures, memorize words, and guess words based on rhyming or story structure. But without phonics skills, they will not be able to figure out new words on their own.
Kids who are able to decode can break a word into small parts and figure out what it sounds like. Most kids benefit from an explicit and organized program of phonics teaching.
sound it outonly makes him more frustrated.
vowel says its name.
the first vowel says its name.
That's a short vowel,or
What sound does s-h make?
Kids need a lot of practice decoding words before they are able to read fluently. A good phonics program can make a huge difference in helping kids read, especially for those who are struggling with a whole-language reading program. You can read inspiring, real-life stories of kids who made dramatic improvements in reading with phonics games at www.phonics-literacy.com.
IMPORTANT: Make sure your child has solid phonemic awareness skills before diving into phonics learning. Kids need the ability to manipulate verbal sounds before they are ready to apply that knowledge to written words. Phonemic awareness games area a good way to strengthen skills that kids will need for phonics learning.
You can make decoding fun with phonics activities and games, by reading favorite first grade books out loud, and by just being your encouraging and supportive self.